Scientific schools of the Faculty of Foreign Languages combine classical and innovative approaches to relevant objects of analysis: language phenomena, translation, literature, formation of speaking skills of language learners. The traditions of faculty scholarship go back to the works of the most prominent figure of national philology, Professor of Kharkiv University Oleksandr Potebnia.

In the years following the incorporation of the Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages into the University, the faculty was home to the renowned scholars : Prof. Finkel O.M. (a theorist of Ukrainian translation studies), Prof. Barantsev K.T. (the compiler of the first English-Ukrainian phraseological dictionary), Associate Professor B.Y. Rohovska and B.S. Khaymovych (researchers of the grammatical structure of the English language), Associate Professor Ye. P. Martyanova (a researcher of Ukrainian-French correspondences), Prof. Prokopchuk O.O. (a specialist in German syntax), prof. Dorodnykh A.H. (an investigator into the issues of socio- and communicative linguistics), Prof. Eiger H.V. (translation scholar, psycholinguist, researcher of linguistic consciousness and linguistic didactics). Their works have formed the groundwork for the development of contemporary philological thought.
The current priority of the faculty's research is focusing on polyparadigmatic approach: a cognitive-discursive paradigm, which expands the boundaries of linguistic research by introducing cognitive, discursive and multimodal dimensions of analysis; new approaches to the analysis of translation activity; multidimensional approaches to literary text, and ecological principle applied to linguistic and speech phenomena.

Research in linguistics
The scientific field of cognitive-discourse analysis and evolution of communication was founded in the 1990s at Kharkiv University by Professor, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of

of Ukraine I.S. Shevchenko. The school develops topical research areas: historical linguistic conceptology and conceptology of culture, historical pragmatology and discourse studies, cognitive pragmatics, political discourse studies, linguistic semiotics of multimodal discourses. Among the main achievements within the framework of the project "Linguistic and Cultural Concepts and their Evolution in the English Language Worldview", a linguistic theory of the evolution of

concepts has been elaborated, the evolution of the concept TIME in the English-language picture of the world has been substantiated and practically revealed. Within the framework of the project "Historical dynamics of the speech act and discourse" a pragmalinguistic theory of language evolution was developed and for the first time the historical dynamics of the pragmatics of the English interrogative sentence, the historical development of certain types of speech acts in the English and German languages are characterized. Within the framework of the "Political linguodiscourse studies" project, the presidential rhetoric of G. Bush (JR) and B. Obama is highlighted. Within the project «Sense-making in multimodal discourses» the cognitive-discursive linguistic-semiotic theory of cinema was founded, the mechanisms of the actualization of negative emotions in the English-language film discourse were clarified, and the strategies and tactics of changing communicative roles in the modern English-language film discourse were revealed for the first time. More than 400 scientific works have been published by the school's scientists. Since 2010, it has been published, founded and edited by Prof. I.S. Shevchenko international professional electronic collection of scientific works "Cognition, communication, discourse". Prof. I.S. Shevchenko was awarded an honorary badge of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine "K. Ushinsky".
The school's scientists maintain scientific ties with the institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia and the RAS, the University of St. Clement Ohrid (Bulgaria), the University of Tartu (Estonia), the Jagiellonian University (Poland), universities the universities of Great Britain, the Netherlands, Germany, New Zealand, Spain, Slovakia, USA. Over the years of the school's existence, 4 doctoral degrees and 27 27 PhD theses have been defended. Currently, 4 Doctors of Science and 16 Candidates of Science are working in this direction.

Since 2012, as a offshoot of the Kharkiv School of Cognitive Communication Studies, I.S.Shevchenko, on the basis of the Department of English Philology, the school of Ye.V. Bondarenko, which focuses on the issues of cognitive linguistics, such as: abstract and historical conceptualization, manipulation of consciousness in mass media, and intersemiotics. Within the school, a modern cognitive theory of the world picture has been developed, a methodology for matrix modeling of abstract concepts has been developed, a nomenclature has been created and the mechanisms of typical means of controlling mass consciousness in the mass media have been revealed, a new direction of memetics (theory of memes) has been developed, a methodological base is being formed for the latest intersemiotic studies of integrated (multimodal) texts. In recent years, 5 chapters have been published in collective monographs, 1 chapter of that– in the fundamental collective monograph of the world's leading publishing house in linguistics (John Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia). At the final stage of publication is the article in a collective monograph in another leading publishing house (Peter Lang, Germany/Poland). In February 2020, an article was published in the prestigious Open Journal of Modern Linguistics from the Web of Science registry, which is very popular among scientists (in 3 months it has received more than 400 views and downloads). Over the years, 2 PhD theses have been defended.
Another branch is the direction of linguistic pragmatics of German- and English-language discourse, headed by Dr. philol. of science Prof. L.R. Bezuhla who deepens scientific knowledge within the framework of the theory of speech acts and the theory of implicature, integrating them with discourse science, historical linguistics, linguopoetics and translation studies.

In 2007-2020, under the supervision of Professor L. R. Bezuhla, 14 researchers defended their Ph. theses of 14 scientists. The results of the research are presented in a collective monograph (From word to deed: linguopragmatics of discourse : a collective monograph / [Artemenko Y. O., Bezuhla L. R., Bielozorova O. M., et al. Vinnytsia: Nova Knyha, 2020. С. 16-75).

In total, about 500 scientific works have been published by researchers.

The main achievements of the school are the development of linguistic pragmatics in the direction of convergence with discursive analysis. In particular, L.R. Bezuhla developed a typology of speech acts according to the criterion of the mode of expression and a typology of implicature according to language and speech criteria, her students (S.I. Kryvoruchka, O.Y. Mala, O.M. Novikova, N.V. Hovorukha , I. M. Panchenko, O. M. Bielozorova, V. M. Shevchenko, O. O. Ponomarenko, Yu. O. Artemenko, T. S. Yushyna, M. O. Sydorova, V. O. Ostapchenko, Z V. Bandurko, M. G. Sushko-Bezdenezhnykh) researched certain types of speech acts in different discourses, pragmadiscursive properties of statements; category of implicitness and perlocution.
Since 2000 the scientific school of cognitive analysis of verbal and non-verbal communication, headed by Dr. philol. Sciences, Prof. A.P. Martyniuk The school's scientists are concerned with the question of the relationship between language and our brain/body system (mind) and our surrounding and most importantly, how a person achieves understanding of another person and influences another person in communication.
The most significant outcome is the substantiation of the concept of communication as intersubjective interaction that activates parallel mental structures/processes, intertwining with each other and combining the conscious with the unconscious: a) perception (focus of attention, perception of verbal-nonverbal action, especially the degree of coherence between words and facial expressions/body language, as well as perception of the current physical and socio-cultural context of communication, including communicative action); b) affect (emotional reflection of interlocutors' emotional states in one's own emotional states, intuitive reading of intentions, formation of intuitive inferences, tuning into responsive action); c) cognition (rational thinking based on propositional structures); d) volition (making conscious decisions, planning conscious responsive action).

The research team has published about 300 scientific works, including the "Dictionary of Basic Terms of Cognitive and Discourse Linguistics," 9 monographs and chapters in collective monographs, including 2 in foreign publications, one of which is indexed in SCOPUS and 4 articles in Web of Science-indexed journals. The school researchers regularly participate in international scientific conferences.

Over the years, the school has defended 1 doctor of science and 23 PhD theses have been defended. Currently, the school employs 1 doctor of science, 10 candidates of science and 2 postgraduate students. The school's researchers maintain scientific connections with scholars from the Faculty of English Philology at the University of Rzeszów (Poland), the Philological Faculty of Jagiellonian University (Poland), the Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics at the University of Tartu (Estonia), and the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava (Slovakia).

Since 2015, the School of Foreign Languages has been operating a scientific school "Meaning Making in Discourse: Ecolinguistic Approach, headed by Prof. O.I. Morozova. , has been operating at the Faculty of Foreign Languages. The priority thematic directions include eco-linguistics, multimodal linguistics, medialinguistics, and political linguistics. The school is involved in the development of the faculty's state-budgeted topic "Eco-Linguistic Approach to the Analysis of Germanic Languages and the Process of Their Teaching in Higher Education Institutions in Ukraine" (2019-2021), with the participation of representatives from the school – Prof. Morozova (responsible executor) and her postgraduates. This research aims to bridge the gap between theoretically ecologically-oriented language research and the practice of teaching it. Representatives of the school annually participate in scientific conferences, including international ones (in 2019, two researchers participated in a conference on eco-linguistics in Denmark). Prof. O.I. Morozova and Ph.D. student Ya.V. Vermenych are participants in the international Erasmus+ research project "Development of the Potential of Foreign Language Teacher Training as a Path to Implementing Multilingual Education and European Integration in Ukraine" (2019-2021), within which lectures on eco-linguistics for master's and doctoral students are being developed. Over the past three years, one publication has entered the Scopus database, two in Web of Science, and five in Index Copernicus.

Prof. Morozova is a member of the editorial board of the international journal "Lege Artis - Language yesterday, today, tomorrow," which is indexed in Web of Science. The scientific school is currently represented by 1 Doctor of Science, 4 Ph.D. holders and three postgraduates.

The scientific school of Functional-Communicative Stylistics of Text was established at Kharkiv University through the efforts of Doctor of Philology, Professor, and Head of the Department of English Philology, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Higher Education of Ukraine V.O. Samokhina. Within the school, scientific directions such as discourse theory and analysis, theory of humor, and intertextuality theory are developed. Among the main scientific achievements are the studies of the carnival communicative space of Great Britain and the USA, including contemporary means of humor; examination of communicative and cognitive aspects of intertextuality in English discourse; and analysis of linguoecology issues.

During the years of the School's existence, the graduate students of Professor V. Samokhina have defended 15 PhD theses. The School's researchers have published more than 500 scientific works, including 7 individual and collective monographs. Currently, the School of Functional and Communicative Textual Stylistics is being developed by its head, Prof. Samokhina V.O., and 15 PhDs working at the Department of English Philology and other departments of Kharkiv National University and other universities in Ukraine and abroad (Great Britain).

The development of the theory of discursive interaction of different code systems was initiated at the faculty by Doctor of Philology, Professor L.V. Soloshchuk. The general theory of discourse is deepened by a new concept that substantiates the necessity of considering communicative means of communication of diverse sign nature (verbal and non-verbal) for a comprehensive analysis of various types of discourse.

Scientists (Prof. Soloshchuk L.V. and 9 PhDs who defended their theses under her of Science who defended their theses under her supervision) are developing problems related to non-verbal aspects that are involved in the in the process of communication and significantly affect its course. This applies to various types of discourse: business, parental, matrimonial, children's, including sibling discourse, fairy tales, etc. The non-verbal factor is considered as influencing the manifestation of authority and dominance in communication, allowing for an expanded arsenal of manipulative influence on the addressee, expressing itself in intercultural communication, and varying with changes in the social roles of the discursive personality. The concept of "discursive personality," introduced in the course of this research direction, has gained recognition and is developed in the works of Ukrainian linguists.

The results of the development of the theory of discursive interaction of different code systems are reflected in numerous articles, reports, and conference abstracts of various levels (including international), as well as in monographs. Two of these monographs are international ("Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Modern Science: Experience of European and EU Countries," Baltija Publishing, Riga, Latvia; "Cognition in context. New insights into language, culture, and the mind," Peter Lang GmbH, Berlin, Germany).

The direction of Communicative-Discourse Studies, led by Doctor of Philology, Associate Professor I.E. Frolova, explores a wide range of issues related to the study of cognitive, communicative-pragmatic, linguistic-discursive, and cultural aspects of verbal communication and translation in an activity-oriented key.

In this thematic area, under the guidance of Frolova I. Ye., the defense of 14 doctoral theses took place. Research on this topic has resulted in the publication of 30 articles in specialized journals in Ukraine, 1 individual monograph, 4 chapters in collective monographs published in Ukraine, a chapter in a collective monograph published abroad, and abstracts of 57 presentations at scientific conferences. Since 2002 there has been a direction in linguo-synergetics, pragmastylistics, and linguopoetics of discourse under the supervision of Doctor of Philology, Professor L.S. Pikhtovnikova. In the research of this direction, the principle of the inseparable unity of stylistics and pragmatics is taken into account in the light of the linguo-synergetic paradigm. Stylistic and pragmatic characteristics of text/discourse are considered in mutual conditioning, which is inherently synergistic and can be conditionally separated only from each other. According to the synergetic paradigm, linguistic systems (language, genre, discourse), being in a state of imbalance, self-organize by the parameter of order under the influence of attractors (communicants' intentions, author's intentions, extralinguistic conditions) and repellors (norms, traditions, linguistic conventions). Within these boundaries, artistic discourse (educational, dramatic genres, novella, detective), journalistic, scientific, and political discourses are studied. The main achievements of the research are reflected in 16 doctoral dissertations and 12 monographs, including the collective monograph "Synergetics in Philological Studies" (2015), and the initiation of the conference "Synergetics in Philological Research" in 2016.

Translation Studies/ Translation Didactics

Despite the fact that a specialized department for training translators appeared at Kharkiv University in 1975, Translation Studies as an independent discipline began to develop only after receiving its own scientific code (10.02.16) in the early 2000s.

As a result of long and hard work, Oleksandr Rebrii defended the first doctoral dissertation «The Theory of Translational Creativity in Linguistic, Textual, and Functional Dimensions»in 2014.This event allowed the School of Foreign Languages to open a postgraduate course in Translation Studies, three of whose graduates have already defended their Candidate of Science (PhD) theses in this field.

In 2018, the Department of Theory and Practice of English Translation became the Department of Translation Studies and was named after the outstanding translator and polyglot Mykola Lukash.

Since 2005, the Department has been organizing international conferences on the theory, history and methodology of translation training, which have attracted the attention of leading experts in the field not only in Ukraine but also abroad.

The area of translation teaching methods as a specialty was initiated by Doctor of Sciences (Education), Professor Leonid Chernovaty in 2000 and has been headed by him. The research focuses on the composition of a translator's professional competence, as well as the content of the formation of his/her bilingual, extralinguistic, translational, personal and strategic sub-competencies. Among the main scholarly achievements are:

  • ·the definition of the psychological content of interlanguage translation and its operational composition;
  • ·the establishment of the features of the formation of bilingual competence of future translators;
  • ·the determination of the composition of the extralinguistic component of the professional competence of a translator, in particular, his background and subject knowledge;
  • ·the development of a methodology for teaching the recognition of implications of the original text and ways of their transfer in the translatedtext;
  • ·the development of a methodology for teaching simultaneous interpreting based on the interpreting shorthand system;
  • ·the development of a system for evaluating oral and written translation.

The scholars of the group have published 3 monographs, more than 500 scientific articles (including foreign and indexed publications), 5 textbooks and 16 manuals with the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (MES) seal. Over the years of existence, 2 doctoral and 7 candidate dissertations have been defended.

Literary Studies

Since 2014, the direction of Artistic Phenomena in History and Modernity has been developing. Researchers study the functioning of the national model of the world in the work of writers of the French, Spanish, and Italian literary traditions. The specificity of linguistic-cognitive mechanisms for the formation of the figurative space of French, Spanish, and Italian artistic texts in the light of cognitive-discursive and linguopoetic approaches.

Scientists of the school are considering the following issues:

  • ·National identity of Spanish-speaking and French-speaking Latin American writers
  • ·Mythopoetic originality of the work of Spanish-speaking and French-speaking authors
  • ·Poetic properties of fictional and non-fictional works by French and Italian authors
  • ·Problems of memory and identity through the prism of the literary work of French-speaking, Spanish-speaking, and Italian-speaking authors
  • ·Female subjectivity from the standpoint of feminist criticism

The development of the topic is carried out in collaboration with scientists from the Institute of Philosophy and Psychology (Paris, France), the University of Paris Nanterre (Paris, France), the University of Palermo (Palermo, Italy), the University of Parma (Parma, Italy), and the Catholic University of Ružomberok (Ružomberok, Slovakia). Over the years of the school's existence, 1 doctoral and 7 candidate dissertations have been defended. Within the framework of the school, there are 2 doctors of science and 12 candidates of science. Since 2018, the scientific school has been headed by Dr. Phil. Sci., Prof. Cherkashina T. Yu.

Linguistic Studies

In 2002, through the efforts of the honored worker of education, Dr. ped. Sciences, Prof. Pasinok V.G. the direction of teaching methods of foreign languages and pedagogy of the higher school was founded, which is headed by her to this day. This direction is responsible for the development of innovative approaches in linguistic didactics and their implementation in the practice of teaching foreign languages in secondary and higher schools.

Thanks to the establishment of the Department of Methods and Practice of Teaching Foreign Languages (headed by Dr. Phil. Sci., Assoc. Prof. Anna Ptushka), the share of organizing events for the exchange of scientific and methodological experience (conferences, seminars, master classes) has significantly increased. During the existence of the direction, more than 50 scientific and methodological conferences, more than 40 student conferences and 80 methodological seminars have been held. More than 70 scientific collections (conference abstracts, student articles) have been published.

The main achievements of the direction are the publication of teaching and methodological manuals for secondary and higher schools. In addition, more than 500 articles on the methodology of teaching foreign languages have been published.

Oriental Studies

With the establishment of the Department of Oriental Languages and Intercultural Communication in 2015 (headed by Dr. Phil. Sci., Assoc. Prof. Svetlana Virotchenka), the faculty began to actively develop the problems of oriental studies in the aspects of functional-communicative and comparative linguistics, linguoculturology, literatures of the East, translation and methods of teaching Chinese and Arabic languages.

Since 2017, employees of the Department of Oriental Languages and Intercultural Communication have defended 2 candidate dissertations on the subject of the field. The annual all-Ukrainian scientific-practical conference "Issues of Oriental Studies in Ukraine" was initiated. A student scientific club "Popular science: orientalism" was created. International cooperation has been established with representatives of the partner Anhui University and other universities in China, and there are plans to expand the scope of cooperation with representatives of universities in Eastern countries (Syria, Morocco, Egypt).

In the future, it is expected that the work of the scientific schools of the Faculty of Foreign Languages will be activated in international projects, the results of research will be published in publications indexed by leading world scientometric databases, and the results of research will be implemented in the development of the latest methods of teaching foreign language communication and translation.